CCNA Security Chapter 4 Answers v1.2


1. Refer to the exhibit. The ACL statement is the only one explicitly configured on the router. Based on this information, which two conclusions can be drawn regarding remote access network connections? (Choose two.)

SSH connections from the 192.168.1.0/24 network to the 192.168.2.0/24 network are allowed.*
Telnet connections from the 192.168.1.0/24 network to the 192.168.2.0/24 network are allowed.
SSH connections from the 192.168.2.0/24 network to the 192.168.1.0/24 network are allowed.
Telnet connections from the 192.168.1.0/24 network to the 192.168.2.0/24 network are blocked.*
SSH connections from the 192.168.1.0/24 network to the 192.168.2.0/24 network are blocked.
Telnet connections from the 192.168.2.0/24 network to the 192.168.1.0/24 network are allowed.
_______________________________________________________________

2. Which two are characteristics of ACLs? (Choose two.)

Extended ACLs can filter on destination TCP and UDP ports.*
Standard ACLs can filter on source TCP and UDP ports.
Extended ACLs can filter on source and destination IP addresses.*
Standard ACLs can filter on source and destination IP addresses.
Standard ACLs can filter on source and destination TCP and UDP ports.
_______________________________________________________________

3. Which zone-based policy firewall zone is system-defined and applies to traffic destined for the router or originating from the router?

self zone*
system zone
local zone
inside zone
outside zone
_______________________________________________________________


4. Refer to the exhibit. If a hacker on the outside network sends an IP packet with source address 172.30.1.50, destination address 10.0.0.3, source port 23, and destination port 2447, what does the Cisco IOS firewall do with the packet?

The packet is forwarded, and an alert is generated.
The packet is forwarded, and no alert is generated.
The initial packet is dropped, but subsequent packets are forwarded.
The packet is dropped.*
_______________________________________________________________

5. Which two parameters are tracked by CBAC for TCP traffic but not for UDP traffic? (Choose two.)

source port
protocol ID
sequence number*
destination port*
SYN and ACK flags*
_______________________________________________________________

6. What is the first step in configuring a Cisco IOS zone-based policy firewall using the CLI?

Create zones.*
Define traffic classes.
Define firewall policies.
Assign policy maps to zone pairs.
Assign router interfaces to zones.
_______________________________________________________________

7. Class maps identify traffic and traffic parameters for policy application based on which three criteria? (Choose three.)

access group*
access class
policy map
protocol*
interface pairs
subordinate class map*
_______________________________________________________________

8. Which statement describes the characteristics of packet-filtering and stateful firewalls as they relate to the OSI model?

Both stateful and packet-filtering firewalls can filter at the application layer.
A stateful firewall can filter application layer information, while a packet-filtering firewall cannot filter beyond the network layer.
A packet-filtering firewall typically can filter up to the transport layer, while a stateful firewall can filter up to the session layer.*
A packet-filtering firewall uses session layer information to track the state of a connection, while a stateful firewall uses application layer information to track the state of a connection.
_______________________________________________________________

9. For a stateful firewall, which information is stored in the stateful session flow table?

TCP control header and trailer information associated with a particular session
TCP SYN packets and the associated return ACK packets
inside private IP address and the translated inside global IP address
outbound and inbound access rules (ACL entries)
source and destination IP addresses, and port numbers and sequencing information associated with a particular session*
_______________________________________________________________

10. What is a limitation of using object groups within an access control entry?

It is not possible to append additional objects to a preexisting object group.
It is not possible to delete an object group or make an object group empty if the object group is already applied to an ACE.*
To append additional objects to a preexisting object group that is applied to an ACE, the original object group must be removed using the no object group command, and then recreated and reapplied to the ACE.
To append additional objects to a preexisting object group that is applied to an ACE, the access control list must be removed using the no access-list command, and then reapplied.
_______________________________________________________________

11. When using CCP to apply an ACL, the administrator received an informational message indicating that a rule was already associated with the designated interface in the designated direction. The administrator continued with the association by selecting the merge option. Which statement describes the effect of the option that was selected?

Two separate access rules were applied to the interface.
A new combined access rule was created using the new access rule number. Duplicate ACEs were removed.*
A new combined access rule was created using the new access rule number. Duplicate ACEs and overriding ACEs were highlighted to allow the administrator to make adjustments
The existing rule was placed in a preview pane to allow the administrator to select specific ACEs to move to the new access rule.
_______________________________________________________________

12. Which statement correctly describes how an ACL can be used with the access-class command to filter vty access to a router?

It is only possible to apply a standard ACL to the vty lines.
An extended ACL can be used to restrict vty access based on specific source addresses, destination addresses, and protocol.
An extended ACL can be used to restrict vty access based on specific source and destination addresses but not on protocol.
An extended ACL can be used to restrict vty access based on specific source addresses and protocol but the destination can only specify the keyword any.*
_______________________________________________________________

13. To facilitate the troubleshooting process, which inbound ICMP message should be permitted on an outside interface?

echo request
echo reply*
time-stamp request
time-stamp reply
router advertisement
_______________________________________________________________

14. Which command is used to activate an IPv6 ACL named ENG_ACL on an interface so that the router filters traffic prior to accessing the routing table?

access-group ipv6_ENG_ACL in
access-group ipv6_ENG_ACL out
ipv6 access-class ENG_ACL in
ipv6 access-class ENG_ACL out
ipv6 traffic-filter ENG_ACL in*
ipv6 traffic-filter ENG_ACL out
_______________________________________________________________

15. Which statement describes a typical security policy for a DMZ firewall configuration?

Traffic that originates from the outside interface is permitted to traverse the firewall to the inside interface with little or no restrictions.
Traffic that originates from the DMZ interface is permitted to traverse the firewall to the outside interface with little or no restrictions.
Traffic that originates from the DMZ interface is selectively permitted to the outside interface.(Similar Question warning! Use this answer if this answer available. Otherwise use the other one)*
Traffic that originates from the inside interface is generally blocked entirely or very selectively permitted to the outside interface.*
Return traffic from the outside that is associated with traffic originating from the inside is permitted to traverse from the outside interface to the DMZ interface.
Return traffic from the inside that is associated with traffic originating from the outside is permitted to traverse from the inside interface to the outside interface.
_______________________________________________________________

16. When configuring a Cisco IOS zone-based policy firewall, which two actions can be applied to a traffic class? (Choose two.)

log
hold
drop*
inspect*

copy
forward
_______________________________________________________________


17. Refer to the exhibit. Which statement describes the function of the ACEs?

These ACEs allow for IPv6 neighbor discovery traffic.*
These ACEs must be manually added to the end of every IPv6 ACL to allow IPv6 routing to occur.
These ACEs automatically appear at the end of every IPv6 ACL to allow IPv6 routing to occur.
These are optional ACEs that can be added to the end of an IPv6 ACL to allow ICMP messages that are defined in object groups named nd-na and nd-ns.
_______________________________________________________________

18. When implementing an inbound Internet traffic ACL, what should be included to prevent the spoofing of internal networks?

ACEs to prevent HTTP traffic
ACEs to prevent ICMP traffic
ACEs to prevent SNMP traffic
ACEs to prevent broadcast address traffic
ACEs to prevent traffic from private address spaces*
_______________________________________________________________

19. Which statement describes one of the rules governing interface behavior in the context of implementing a zone-based policy firewall configuration?

An administrator can assign an interface to multiple security zones.
An administrator can assign interfaces to zones, regardless of whether the zone has been configured.
By default, traffic is allowed to flow among interfaces that are members of the same zone.*
By default, traffic is allowed to flow between a zone member interface and any interface that is not a zone member.
_______________________________________________________________


20. Refer to the exhibit. Which statement is true about the effect of this Cisco IOS zone-based policy firewall configuration?

The firewall will automatically drop all HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic.

The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from s0/0 to fa0/0 and will track the connections. Tracking the connection allows only return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.

The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from fa0/0 to s0/0 and will track the connections. Tracking the connection allows only return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.*

The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from fa0/0 to s0/0, but will not track the state of connections. A corresponding policy must be applied to allow return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.

The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from s0/0 to fa0/0, but will not track the state of connections. A corresponding policy must be applied to allow return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.
____________________

New Questions Section – CCNA Security v1.2

 

21. In addition to the criteria used by extended ACLs, what conditions are used by a classic firewall to filter traffic?

TCP/IP protocol numbers
IP source and destination addresses
application layer protocol session information*
TCP/UDP source and destination port numbers
____________________

22. Refer to the exhibit. Which Cisco IOS security feature is implemented on router FW?

classic firewall*
reflexive ACL firewall
zone-based policy firewall
AAA access control firewall
____________________

23. Which three statements describe zone-based policy firewall rules that govern interface behavior and the traffic moving between zone member interfaces? (Choose three.)

An interface can be assigned to multiple security zones.
Interfaces can be assigned to a zone before the zone is created.
Pass, inspect, and drop options can only be applied between two zones.*
If traffic is to flow between all interfaces in a router, each interface must be a member of a zone.*
Traffic is implicitly prevented from flowing by default among interfaces that are members of the same zone.
To permit traffic to and from a zone member interface, a policy allowing or inspecting traffic must be configured between that zone and any other zone.*
____________________

24. When logging is enabled for an ACL entry, how does the router switch packets filtered by the ACL?

process switching*
autonomous switching
topology-based switching
optimum switching
____________________

25. When a Cisco IOS zone-based policy firewall is being configured, which two actions can be applied to a traffic class? (Choose two.)

log
copy
inspect*
hold
drop*
forward
____________________

26. A router has been configured as a classic firewall and an inbound ACL applied to the external interface.
Which action does the router take after inbound-to-outbound traffic is inspected and a new entry is created in the state table.

A dynamic ACL entry is added to the external interface in the inbound direction.*

The internal interface ACL is reconfigured to allow the host IP address access to the Internet.

The entry remains in the state table after the session is terminated so that it can be reused by the host.

When traffic returns from its destination, it is reinspected, and a new entry is added to the state table
____________________

27. Refer to the exhibit. What is represented by the area marked as “A”?

DMZ*
internal network
perimeter security boundary
trusted network
untrusted network
____________________

28. What are two characteristics of ACLs? (Choose two.)

Extended ACLs can filter on source and destination IP addresses.*
Extended ACLs can filter on destination TCP and UDP ports.*
Standard ACLs can filter on source and destination IP addresses.
Standard ACLs can filter on source TCP and UDP ports.
Standard ACLs can filter on source and destination TCP and UDP ports.

____________________

New question: “Which type of packet is unable to be filtered by an outbound ACL?”
Options:
-router-generated packet (ANSWER)
-broadcast packet
-multicast packet
-ICMP packet

____________________

New Question: “Which statement describes one of the rules that govern interface behavior in the context of implementing a zone-based policy firewall configuration?”
Options:
-By default, traffic is allowed to flow among interfaces that are members of the same zone. (ANSWER)
-An administrator can assign an interface to multiple security zones.
-An administrator can assign interfaces to zones, regardless of whether the zone has been configured.
-By default, traffic is allowed to flow between a zone member interface and any interface that is not a zone member.

____________________

Most of these are worded a little differently now, but most importantly, #5 is now “Which two parameters are tracked by a classic firewall for TCP traffic but not for UDP traffic? (Choose two.)”
protocol ID
source port
sequence number (ANSWER)
destination port
SYN and ACK flags (ANSWER)

____________________

#20 is old, picture is wrong and the options are:
-The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from g0/0 to s0/0/0, but will not track the state of connections. A corresponding policy must be applied to allow return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.
-The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from g0/0 to s0/0/0 and will track the connections. Tracking the connection allows only return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction. (ANSWER)
-The firewall will automatically drop all HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic.
-The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from s0/0/0 to g0/0 and will track the connections. Tracking the connection allows only return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.
-The firewall will automatically allow HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP traffic from s0/0/0 to g0/0, but will not track the state of connections. A corresponding policy must be applied to allow return traffic to be permitted through the firewall in the opposite direction.

____________________

New question:
When an inbound Internet-traffic ACL is being implemented, what should be included to prevent the spoofing of internal networks?

ACEs to prevent ICMP traffic

ACEs to prevent traffic from private address spaces*

ACEs to prevent HTTP traffic

ACEs to prevent broadcast address traffic

ACEs to prevent SNMP traffic

Add Comment